Doctor Jan Pokrywka, March 2015
Hyperventilation (too fast and deep breathing) is a respiratory disorder that causes hypocapnia in the present Earth's atmosphere. The eternal teaching of yoga masters called for a definite slowdown of the exhalation. Similarly, theoretical concept of professor Buteyka states that the main cause of many diseases is hypocapnia.
Hypocapnia is too low in the body's carbon dioxide. Such a disorder of breathing, Professor Buteyko called the Disease of Deep Breathing. Incorrect breathing leads to excessive lung ventilation, which has many negative consequences. Chronic systemic metabolic disorders, reduced immunity, allergies and degeneration are just some of them.
Non-physiological respiratory mixture
The essence of the therapeutic concept of Konstantin Buteyko - just like in my concept of achieving true longevity - is the assumption that the atmosphere which humanity has breathed for millennia is a very non-physiological breathing mixture. For life it is a destructive atmosphere - and therefore deadly in the long run.
As in the assumptions of the Four Pillars of Longevity, Professor Buteyko rejects the paradigm that the atmosphere we breathe is optimal. Using his simple devices, he modifies it greatly to significantly increase the carbon dioxide content. Undoubtedly, this is a step in the right direction. Unfortunately, these devices can not simultaneously increase the oxygen content.
The importance of breathing for health and longevity
We already know that food has a significant impact on health, and thus on life expectancy. A man without food can survive for more than two months, without water for a few days, without breathing just a few minutes. So if food has a significant impact on health and life, the importance of breathing is definitely greater. We only take food a few times a day, and air about 12,000 times a day. This is several hundred times more often. Therefore, the impact of breathing should be classified as more important than food.
CO2 concentration gradient
Professor Buteyko does not directly question the paradigm of 'natural conditions present for centuries as optimal for life'. However, his investigations prove it beyond any doubt. According to Buteyka, a man must breathe deeply because he lacks oxygen in the cells of the body. This deep breathing also causes excessive CO2 excretion. As carbon dioxide is between 10 and 20 times too low in the Earth's atmosphere, it escapes too quickly from the lungs. It is a purely physical process. The larger the CO2 concentration gradient, the more rapidly the concentration equalization process takes place. According to Buteyka, this current gradient is far too big, so it modifies it with its devices.
Dictionary of the notions of the Academy of Longevity
Hypercapnia - increased content of carbon dioxide in the blood. Hypocapnia - reduced content of carbon dioxide in the blood. Hyperventilation - a state of increased amount of air penetrating into the alveoli due to accelerated or deep breathing. The occurrence of excessive carbon dioxide release causes hypoconnia. Gradient - (from Latin gradiens - progressive, rolling, gradus - degree) - the size of the index change per unit of distance. Paradigm (from Greek: parádeigma - example, pattern) - pattern Buteyko method - a method of treatment of many diseases, based on breathing exercises, created by Dr. Konstantin Buteyko in Russia in the 1960s. The purpose of these exercises is to change inappropriate breathing habits that involve too rapid or too deep breathing. By reducing the frequency and depth of the breath you can get a reduction in lung ventilation, avoiding hyperventilation. After testing on patients and confirming the effectiveness of the Ministry of Health of Russia in 1985 approved the method of Konstantin Buteyko as the official method of treatment of asthma
"I found the cause of all the troubles, disasters, falls of civilization. One of the reasons is a deep breath. But no one understands, does not hear, does not see ... " prof. Konstantin Buteyko
The role of carbon dioxide in the acid-base balance Oxygen deficiency causes malnutrition of cells
The oxygen deficiency in the body is compensated by increased production of hemoglobin and erythrocytes. However, it does so to thicken the blood and increase its viscosity and tendency to clots. Inadequate blood and blood vessels impede the supply of nutrients to tissues, as well as the discharge of cellular metabolites. In a word, our system has a strong "uphill" existence in the air that has surrounded us for centuries.
The common cause of the formation of a certain group of diseases
Professor Buteyko noted that in developed countries the number of people suffering from bronchial asthma is increasing. He also stated that the pharmacological treatment of asthma does not bring the expected results, on the contrary - it worsens its course. There are similar symptoms for diseases such as asthma, rhinitis, allergies and hypertension: increased muscle tone of the blood vessels and bronchi, atherosclerotic lesions in the vessel walls, edema of the respiratory tract mucous membrane, inflammatory conditions with an allergic basis. The common cause of the above-mentioned and many other diseases is too deep breathing, leading to tissue hypoxia.
What leads the correction of the breath to?
Professor Buteyko recommended simple ways to correct the breath, leading to stopping attacks of dyspnea in asthma and, consequently, to discontinuation of medications. In the case of other diseases mentioned also healing occurs. Professor Buteyko recommends a simple device consisting of a plastic tube with a container at the end, increasing the so-called dead ventilation space. This is the easiest way to increase the level of carbon dioxide in your blood. A significant disadvantage is, unfortunately, the reduced oxygenation of the system. However, the benefits of hypercapnia outweigh the hypoxia induced by this device.
The problem of hypoxia and its solution
Hypoxia, however, is also a very serious physiological and health problem. In an optimal way we solve the problem of hypocapnia, in physiological normobaric chambers of 1500 hectopascals. The atmosphere consists of about 32 to 35% oxygen conversion, so oxygenation is by 50% better than outside. There is about 0.5% of carbon dioxide. In Prof. Buteyka's device, the concentration of carbon dioxide is basically unknown and fluctuates within very wide limits. In the physiological normobiology, the dioxide is dosed very precisely and is almost on a constant - physiologically very beneficial - level.
Metabolic disorders in deep breathing and prevention
Lowering the concentration of CO2 in the alveoli pushes acidity - or blood pH - towards excessive de-acidification, i.e. excessive alkalinity. Such a change in the functioning of metabolic regulators, disrupts the normal course of metabolic processes and leads to the development of pathology. Excessive alkalinity is dangerous and may even lead to cardiac arrest. Therefore, the body strives to maintain the proper pH of the blood. In the absence of acidification of bodily fluids, the body uses non-physiological acidifying metabolites (various organic and inorganic acids).
The proper acidifying element is carbonic acid, the result of the combination of carbon dioxide and water. In the absence of carbonic acid, the body uses other metabolites. In this way, it gets the right pH, but the whole metabolism suffers. Abnormal acidification of tissues transforms the state of the tissue matrix sol into the state of the gel, which leads to further metabolic disorders. The hypercapnia prevailing in the normobaric chamber prevents these abnormal processes. To some extent, they are also prevented by proper breathing (shallow and slow), to which patients of Professor Buteyko came through the use of breathing exercises recommended by him.
To achieve the acid-alkaline balance of the body, proper nutrition is important. So the right proportions of acidifying and alkalising products. However, it is far more important to provide the body with the right amount of carbon dioxide. This is what the yogis teach about for centuries. If carbon dioxide is lacking, the body uses the wrong metabolites as it acidifies whether. And this is much worse than the excess of acidifying products in the diet.
Dictionary of the notions of the Academy of Longevity
Metabolites - products of chemical changes occurring in living organisms; chemical compounds produced or consumed in metabolic processes. Atherosclerosis - degenerative disease of the arteries leading to the narrowing or occlusion of the arteries. During the development of atherosclerosis, cholesterol and other lipids accumulate in the inner membrane, mucopolysaccharide accumulation and connective tissue hyperplasia. The resulting lesions of calcifications form thickened walls of the artery and cause narrowing of its light. Atherosclerosis can lead to ischaemia of the cardiac muscle and other organs. Hypoxia - hypoxia; oxygen deficiency in tissues resulting from reduced diffusion of oxygen from the lungs or disruption of oxygen transport through the blood to tissues. Hypoxia occurs at least in the mountains as an effect of oxygen deficit in the air. Hyperbaria - a range of atmospheric pressure higher than the optimal pressure of 1500 hPa. Higher than optimal pressure is the pressure at which a person can stay, but only periodically (from the hyper - over, over - barys - heavy, bar - in physics - pressure unit). Normobaria - atmospheric pressure most favorable to health and longevity of man, amounting to approximately 1500 hPa. (Norma - rule, recipe, from Latin norm - carpentry string, measure, rule).
Tension and irritability as a result of a lack of carbon dioxide. Mechanisms of defence of the system against the loss of CO2
The harmful effect of deep breathing on the living organism - through the creation of CO2 deficiency - has been proven many times in experiments. And it started with the famous physiologist J. Henderson (1909). In order to maintain a constant CO2 content, the body developed the following defence mechanisms against its loss: bronchospasm and blood vessels. Increased production of cholesterol in the liver as a biological insulator, sealing cell membranes in the lungs and vessels to reduce the loss of CO2. Lower blood pressure (hypotension), which reduces CO2 release from the body. However, the contraction of the bronchi and blood vessels limits the flow of oxygen to the cells of the brain, heart, kidneys and other internal organs. The reduction of CO2 in the blood also increases the strength of oxygen binding to haemoglobin. This limits the transfer of oxygen from erythrocytes to the cells (so-called Bohr effect).
Hypertension, leg varicose veins, haemorrhoids, thrombosis
In all cases, the reduction of oxygen supply to the tissues causes hypoxia, i.e. hypoxia. Hypoxia, after reaching a certain degree, threatens cell life. It can cause high blood pressure, increasing blood flow through narrowed arteries. This is to improve the oxygen supply to the cells of the most important internal organs. Oxygen deficiency in the tissues reduces the content of oxygen in the venous blood, which leads to vein extension. This is manifested, for example, in the form of leg varicose veins or haemorrhoids. The drop in CO2 in the blood increases blood clotting, which in combination with slowed blood flow in the veins, promotes the development of thrombosis.
Above all, hypoxia of the most important internal organs - reaching a certain level - stimulates the respiratory centre. It deepens breathing. Then there is a feeling of breathlessness or lack of air. This in turn leads to further deepening of the breath, closing the vicious circle. On this vicious circle consists of one side of the positive feedback effect strengthening and deepening the breath, but on the other hand the progression of all abnormalities (symptoms and diseases).
The deficiency of CO2 in the body first hits the nervous system. Decreasing the CO2 concentration stimulates it, creates a sense of constant tension. This leads to irritability, insomnia, unreasonable suspicion, fear or even fainting. The simultaneous increase in the stimulation of the respiratory center closes the second cycle of the circulation of excitation in the nervous system. He is very sensitive to external factors. Nervous stress reactions are therefore intensified by abnormalities of metabolism and hypoxia of nerve cells. Therefore, the lack of CO2 in the body, intensified in particular by deep breathing, first and foremost strikes the nervous system.
Dictionary of the Academy of Longevity
Lawrence Joseph Henderson (1878-1942) - American biochemist and physiologist, a long-term professor at Harvard University, a pioneer in determining the content of electrolytes in the blood. Christian Bohr (1855-1911) - Danish physician and physicist, Nobel Prize winner. In 1903, Christian Bohr described the phenomenon now called the Bohr effect. Bohr effect - the phenomenon of reducing the affinity of haemoglobin to oxygen under conditions of low pH. As a result, oxygen delivery through haemoglobin is easier and more oxygen gets into the tissues. On the other hand, increasing the pH increases the affinity of oxygen binding by haemoglobin and makes it difficult to deliver in the tissues. Erythrocytes - red blood cells, red blood cells. Haemorrhoids (from Haimorrhois group, genus haemorrhoids - haemorrhage, bleeding tumour) - haemorrhoids, haemorrhoids. During haemorrhoidal disease haemorrhoidal veins are stretched, excessively filled with blood. Over time, inflammation occurs. There are such symptoms as: anal bleeding, pain and swelling around the anus, clot. Haemorrhoids may be associated with constipation. Prevention and treatment is conducive to keeping the anus clean. The cat does it by licking the anus and the health-conscious person by washing in a bidet or in a bowl after each stool.
Questions and Answers:
Why is oxygen deficiency leading to vein extension? Veins have arteries that supply their walls with blood. If these arteries supply blood containing too little oxygen, the vein's smooth muscles are hypoxic. Their energy drops, veins become flabby and expand. My mother had very heavy varicose veins on her legs, looking like twisted ropes. Every now and then she had clots and inflammations. It never occurred to me that it could be associated with deep breathing. And yet it was. A deficiency of carbon dioxide led to the hypoxia of veins in the legs and their enlargement. If the blood in the extended veins flows too slowly, it can clot. And so a clot and phlebitis arises.
The WEGO method and a step further Symptoms of Deep Breathing Disease
Different combinations of disorders are evident in the body of a person who is deeply breathing. Often in the form of extraordinary and diverse individual symptoms. Individual symptoms of Deep Breathing Disease, such as: bronchospasm, heart spasms, high or low blood pressure, fainting with convulsions, etc., are usually diagnosed as separate diseases: asthma, coronary heart disease, hypertension, epilepsy, full of various complications (infarction) heart, stroke, etc.). According to Prof. Buteyko, Deep Breathing Disease is the main factor of premature ageing, infirmity, disability and premature mortality. This may seem exaggerated to some people, but at no point in this reasoning anything illogical can be accused.
The WEGO method
This is how the physiological side can explain the non-physiological, atmospheric air. This is also the WEGO (volitional elimination of deep breathing) method developed by Prof. Konstantin Buteyko, or volitional normalization of breath, looks like that. For 20 years no negative signs of the use of this method have been observed. Based on it, breathing was reduced below the normal depth by 0.5-1%. Even increased endurance of the bronchial asthma, angina pectoralis, hypertension, etc. In practice, this is the regular technique for the second decade of using this technique. It turned out that diseases such as epilepsy, asthma, hypertension, angina pectoralis, haemorrhoids, eczema, etc. are the effects of Deep Breathing Disease. In the Buteyko method - based on the level of CO2 in the system - they are treated as a disease - Deep Breathing Disease. When these diseases are combined, the Buteyko method.